Race Discrimination Law In The United States
Have you recently suffered an adverse employment action? Were you fired or demoted from your employment? Did you not get a promotion when another with similar or less skills and experience did? Were you treated differently than others in your similar position? Did a company refuse to do business with you? Did an apartment complex refuse to lease an apartment to you on account of your race? If any of this has happened and you suspect that it was for racial reasons, you may be afforded protection and seek relief under the race discrimination laws of the United States . There are six main laws that cover race discrimination in the United States:
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits race discrimination in hiring, promotion, discharge, pay, fringe benefits, job training, classification, referral, and other aspects of employment, on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin. This law is enforced by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits race discrimination on the basis of race, color, or national origin in programs and activities that receive federal financial assistance. This law is enforced by the Civil Rights Center.
The Federal Fair Housing Act prohibits race discrimination by financial institutions in the making of commercial real estate loans, and prohibits anyone from racially discriminating in the provision of real estate broker or appraisal services.
42 U.S.C. Section 1981 forbids race discrimination in a contractual relationships. Section 1981 specifically states: "All persons within the jurisdiction of the United States shall have the same right in every State and Territory to make and enforce contracts, to sue, be parties, give evidence, and to the full and equal benefit of all laws and proceedings for the security of persons and property as is enjoyed by white citizens, and shall be subject to like punishment, pains, penalties, taxes, licenses, and exactions of every kind, and to no other. For purposes of this section, the term 'make and enforce contracts' includes the making, performance, modification, and termination of contracts, and the enjoyment of all benefits, privileges, terms, and conditions of the contractual relationship."
42 U.S.C. Section 1982 prohibits race discrimination in the area of housing. Section 1982 states: "All citizens of the United States shall have the same right, in every state and territory, as is enjoyed by white citizens thereof to inherit, purchase, lease, sell, hold, and convey real and personal property." Consequently, Section 1982 bars all racial discrimination, private as well as public, in the sale or rental of property.
42 U.S.C. Section 1983 prohibits race discrimination by those acting "under color" of state law. Section 1983 specifically states: "Every person who, under color of any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage, of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, subjects, or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the United States or other person within the jurisdiction thereof to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws, shall be liable to the party injured in an action at law, suit in equity, or other proper proceeding for redress, except that in any action brought against a judicial officer for an act or omission taken in such officer’s judicial capacity, injunctive relief shall not be granted unless a declaratory decree was violated or declaratory relief was unavailable."
Like for any type of lawsuit, you must be aware of the statute of limitations for race discrimination claims under the relevant statutes. If the statute of limitations for your race discrimination claim has run, then you will not be able to seek relief for the damages that you incurred as a result of the racially discriminatory acts against you. For this reason, at the very first signs that you suffered racial discrimination, it is important to consult a good race discrimination attorney. It's also important to keep a diary or journal of events and conversations as they happen chronologically. The only way you will be able to succeed in bringing a race discrimination claim is by presenting evidence that it occurred, and not just that it occurred, but that the discrimination was intentional. And this is generally not easy to do!
This free resource of information on race discrimination law and victims' rights will try to cover as much as possible the relevant race discrimination statutes and laws, what is involved in bringing a race discrimination lawsuit, the remedies that are afforded to victims of race discrimination and how to go about finding a good race discrimination lawyer.
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